Children 6-11 Years

Middle Childhood: Track my Development 6-11 years

February 12 , 2017
Sirsa Qursha
Sirsa A. Qursha’s background is in Child Development & Parent Education....More

Well, mom, you’ve made it this far! There’s so much to learn about the stage of middle childhood. One important thing to know at this stage is that your child’s world is slowly moving outward; constantly expanding. You no longer are the center of the universe and you need to make space for other people to have positive impacts on your child’s development. His teacher, coach, and peers are all very important players during this period. Another important thing to look out for- self-esteem development- this is the time to really let children develop a healthy sense of self.

Physical Development:

  • Your child’s bones are still developing at this age, so just note that they still cannot withstand a lot of pressure
  • Growth is slow but steady; height and weight increases an average of 5% each year
  • Milk teeth are falling out while permanent ones take their place
  • Sensory abilities are improving significantly; during this age children will rely on their senses to also assist in learning (see part of cognitive development)
  • Handedness and coordination improve
  • Children during this age have a lot of energy and love to be on the move!

Things you should be doing to support my development:

  •   Make sure I am moving and active 
  • Limit my screen time. I shouldn’t be exposed to more than 2 hours of screen time a day at this age
  • Make sure I am eating a balanced diet ·        
  • Have me use my fine motor skills as I am learning.
  • Teach me about body privacy and personal hygiene

Cognitive Development

  • This is a period of rapid brain and mental skill development and children want to learn at this stage
  • Foundational skills pertaining to reading, writing, and math are strengthened
  • Children’s memory is improving and the attention spans are increasing
  • There’s a gradual progression of innovation and curiosity is also at its peak
  • Children are figuring out values such as honesty, justice, and equality
  • Skills related to planning, impulse control and the ability to evaluate outcomes are all emerging
  • Children are concrete thinkers at this age. They have the ability to understand concrete and logical information yet aren’t able to grasp hypothetical and abstract concepts (this develops later into adolescence).
  • They also have an emerging vocabulary and can thus use it in their communication
  • Learning best occurs when it’s “hands-on”

Things you should be doing to support my development:

  • Show me how it’s done. If you want me to behave a certain way then you should practice what you preach ·        
  • Recognize my trials not just my accomplishments ·       
  • Give me age appropriate chores ·        
  • Ask me about my day and my friends- be involved in what I am interested in these days ·        
  • Help me express my feelings ·        
  • Don’t scold or discipline me in front of others ·        
  • Teach me about my surroundings: my culture, my community etc. ·        
  • Keep an eye out- supervise where I am  going, who I am going with and what I am looking for online

Emotional Development:

  • Children are better able to control impulses and patience develops as well as their ability to cope when things don’t go their way
  • A sense of self is emerging while also comparing the self to others
  • Self-esteem is developing
  • Children start noticing differences between successes and failures
  • Children are also learning how to handle their emotions; a skill which is very important to have

Things you should be doing to support my development:

  •  When you want me to learn something let me apply the skill ·        
  • Involve me in decision making ·        
  • Let me speak up and express my opinions ·        
  • Don’t compare me to others. I really hate that. I am special just the way I am.

Mom, you should talk to my pediatrician or a mental health professional if:

  • I’m constantly sad or afraid of worried
  • I’m still clingy
  • I avoid trying new things
  • I am doing things I shouldn’t do such as smoking
  • I am regressing to previous stages
  • I don’t have any friends my age
  • I am violent and aggressive